Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Practice Test
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Question 1 What is the supreme law of the land?
Question 2 What does the Constitution do?
Sets up the government, defines the government and protects basic rights of Americans
Question 3 The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
We the People
Question 4 What is an amendment?
change and an addition to the Constitution
Question 5 What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
the Bill of Rights
Question 6 What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
speech, religion, assembly, press and petition the government
Question 7 What did the Declaration of Independence do?
Announced our independence or declared our independence from Great Britain
Question 8 How many amendments does the Constitution have?
Question 9 What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
Question 10 What is the economic system in the United States?
Question 11 What is freedom of religion?
Practice any religion
Question 12 What is the “rule of law”?
Everyone must follow the law, Leaders must obey the law, Government must obey the law, No one is above the law
Question 13 Name one branch or part of the government.
Congress, legislative, President, executive, courts, judicial
Question 14 What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
checks and balances, separation of powers
Question 15 Who makes federal laws?
Congress, Senate and House, legislature
Question 16 Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Question 17 What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
The Senate and House
Question 18 How many U.S. Senators are there?
Question 19 We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
Question 20 The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
four hundred thirty-five
Question 21 We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
Question 22 Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
All people of the state
Question 23 Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
The state’s population , they have more people, some states have more people
Question 24 We elect a President for how many years?
Question 25 In what month do we vote for President?
Question 26 What is the name of the President of the United States now in 2021?
Question 27 What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now in 2021?
Question 28 If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Speaker of the House
Question 29 Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
Question 30 Who signs bills to become laws?
Question 31 Who vetoes bills?
Question 32 What does the President’s Cabinet do?
Advises the President
Question 33 What are two Cabinet-level positions?
Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Defense,,Secretary of Education, Secretary of Energy,Secretary of Health and Human Services, Secretary of Homeland Security,Secretary of Housing and Urban Development,Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of State, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Attorney General, Vice President
Question 34 What does the judicial branch do?
Reviews laws, Explains laws, resolves disputes, decides if a law goes against the Constitution
Question 35 What is the highest court in the United States?
The Supreme Court
Question 36 Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
To print money, declare war, create an army and to make treaties
Question 37 Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
provide schooling and education, protection , safety, give a driver’s license,approve zoning and land use
Question 38 What are the two major political parties in the United States?
Democratic and Republican
Question 39 There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them
Citizens eighteen and older can vote, Any citizen can vote
Question 40 What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
serve on a jury, vote in a federal election
Question 41 Name one right only for United States citizens.
vote in a federal election, run for federal office
Question 42 What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, freedom to petition the government, freedom of religion, the right to bear arms
Question 43 What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
the United States, the flag
Question 44 What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
give up loyalty to other countries, defend the Constitution and laws of the United States, obey the laws of the United States, serve in the U.S. military if needed, be loyal to the United States
Question 45 How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
eighteen and older
Question 46 What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
vote, join a political party, help with a campaign, join a civic group, join a community group, give an elected official your opinion on an issue, call Senators and Representatives, publicly support or oppose an issue or policy, run for office
Question 47 When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
Question 48 When must all men register for the Selective Service?
at age eighteen, between eighteen and twenty-six
Question 49 What is one reason colonists came to America?
freedom, political liberty, religious freedom, economic opportunity, practice their religion, escape persecution
Question 50 Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
American Indians, Native Americans
Question 51 What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
Africans, people from Africa
Question 52 Why did the colonists fight the British?
high taxes , British army stayed in their houses , didn’t have self-government
Question 53 Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Question 54 When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776
Question 55 There were 13 original states. Name three
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey,Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
Question 56 What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution was written, The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
Question 57 When was the Constitution written?
Question 58 The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Publius
Question 59 What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
U.S. diplomat, oldest member of the Constitutional Convention, first Postmaster General of the United States,writer of Poor Richard’s Almanac,started the first free libraries
Question 60 Who is the Father of Our Country?
Question 61 Who was the first President?
Question 62 What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
Question 63 Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s
War of 1812, Mexican-American War, Civil War, Spanish-American War
Question 64 Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
Question 65 Name one problem that led to the Civil War
slavery,economic reasons, states’ rights
Question 66 What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did
freed the slaves Emancipation Proclamation, saved the Union, led the United States during the Civil War
Question 67 What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
reed the slaves, freed slaves in the Confederacy, freed slaves in the Confederate states, freed slaves in most Southern states
Question 68 What did Susan B. Anthony do?
fought for women’s rights, fought for civil rights
Question 69 Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s
World War 1, World War 2, Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf War
Question 70 Who was President during World War 1?
Question 71 Who was President during the Great Depression and World War 2 ?
Question 72 Who did the United States fight in World War 2?
Japan, Germany, and Italy
Question 73 Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
World War 2
Question 74 During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
Question 75 What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
Question 76 What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
fought for civil rights, worked for equality for all Americans
Question 77 What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
Terrorists attacked the United States
Question 78 Name one American Indian tribe in the United States
Cherokee, Navajo, Sioux, Chippewa,Choctaw, Pueblo, Apache,Iroquois, Creek, Blackfeet, Seminole, Cheyenne, Arawak, Shawnee, Mohegan, Huron, Oneida, Lakota, Crow, Teton, Hopi, Inuit
Question 79 Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States
Question 80 What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
Question 81 What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
Question 82 Name one U.S. territory.
Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, Guam
Question 83 Name one state that borders Canada.
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington, Alaska
Question 84 Name one state that borders Mexico.
California, Arizona , New Mexico, Texas
Question 85 What is the capital of the United States?
Question 86 Where is the Statue of Liberty?
New York, Liberty Island
Question 87 Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
because there were 13 original colonies, stripes represent the original colonies
Question 88 Why does the flag have 50 stars?
each star represents a state and there are 50 states or there is one star for each state
Question 89 What is the name of the national anthem?
The Star-Spangled Banner
Question 90 When do we celebrate Independence Day?
Question 91 Name two national U.S. holidays.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, New Year’s Day, Presidents’ Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas